Hyperbaric Oxygenation is a therapy through which the whole body is subjected to a pressure 2-3 times greater than the environment, this procedure is performed in a hyperbaric chamber, in which the patient breathes 100% oxygen continuously or intermittently by mask or an endotracheal tube.
Hyperbaric Medicine is based on the physical laws of gases, especially in Henry’s Law, which refers to when the pressure increases, increases the solubility of the gas in a liquid. In this case, the gas is oxygen and the liquid would be the blood plasma. The increase in the concentration of oxygen in the body leads to great health benefits.
Hyperbaric oxygenation is a safe, non-invasive, well tolerated, effective and painless treatment that reduces the morbidity and mortality of some diseases and reduces the costs of medical attention. In addition, it has minimal side effects and shorter recovery times than conventional therapies.
Hyperbaric oxygenation has many therapeutic benefits, including:
- Diminishes inflammation
- Improvement of Circulation
- Accelerates the healing of wounds (producing fibroblasts and stimulating Collagen formation).
- Increases the formation of blood vessels in areas with poor circulation.
- It favours bone remodelling.
- Increase the oxygen supply in the tissues.
- Stimulates erythropoiesis (formation of red blood cells)
- Strengthens the action of antibiotics.
- It has bactericidal and bacteriostatic properties
- Reduces the use of insulin in the diabetic patient
The Oxygenation Committee of the American Society recommends the application of hyperbaric oxygenation therapy in four major groups of pathologies: Severe infections, healing problems (diabetic foot, post-radiation injuries), acute trauma (including burns), and diverse pathologies that have in common an acute or chronic hypoxia (neurological injuries, or problems due to poisonings).