The ultraviolet rays coming from sunlight are the main responsible for the wear and aging of the skin. The UVA rays act on the elastic fibres of the dermis producing a loss of elasticity and tonicity of the skin which favours the appearance of wrinkles. These effects are known as photoaging.
Photoaging includes a series of clinical processes involving inflammation of the dermis, decreased collagen synthesis, thickening of the epidermis, collagen degradation, and protein oxidation. All these modifications translate clinically into thin skin, wrinkles, discolouration, yellowish white spots, telangiectasia (visible blood vessels), among others. In addition, ultraviolet rays also predispose to the development of benign lesions (seborrheic keratosis, lentigo, and sebaceous hyperplasia) and malignant skin lesions (basal cell carcinoma and spinocellular carcinoma).
Hyperbaric medicine has surprising results in terms of tissue repair. One of the main effects of the increase of oxygen (hyperoxia) is to attenuate the damage of the oxidant toxins that promote the aging of the cells if to this is added the fact of increasing the production of collagen, there is no doubt that the therapy with hyperbaric oxygen provides great aesthetic benefits.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy promotes the production of antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH), a non-protein tripeptide consisting of 3 amino acids: cysteine, glutamate, and glycine. Glutathione is the main antioxidant in cells and helps protect them from free radicals and peroxides, which are involved in the aging of tissues. Another benefit of this therapy is the cellular regeneration which is achieved by providing oxygen to the cells and optimizing the cellular metabolism.